Smart Policies and Practices for Shared Prosperity


Agricultural Development Strategy

The Government of Nepal decided to develop a long-term strategy for the agricultural sector. Accordingly, the Government of Nepal received Asian Development Bank (ADB) technical assistance (TA) to prepare an agricultural development strategy (ADS) with a 20-year vision and a 10-year planning horizon. In 1995, ADB TA assisted the government to prepare the Agriculture Perspective Plan (APP), 1995—2015 as Nepal’s official agriculture sector framework. In view of changes that were not anticipated under the APP, particularly changes in the form of government, a regional situation shaped by rapidly growing regional trade, climate change impacts becoming real and visible, increasing food prices and food insecurity at the global and national levels, and the dual impacts of migrant labor and urbanization, the government considered revision of the APP and subsequent sector policies to be necessary. This policy and advisory TA for the preparation of the ADS was supported by a number of donors including ADB, IFAD, EU, FAO, SDC, JICA, DANIDA, USAID, and WFP. Other donors were also expressing interest in supporting the ADS. The formulation of the ADS was based on in-depth assessment of the current situation, participatory formulation of a long-term vision for the agriculture sector, the identification and analysis of alternative policy and investment options to achieve the vision, and the preparation of implementable plans.

Country

Nepal

Start Date

2011-03-01

Client

Asian Development Bank

End Date

2013-07-01

Description of actual services provided in the assignment

ACI consultants provided the following services: -Prepared an agricultural development strategy (ADS) with a 20-year vision and a 10-year planning horizon, taking into account recent changes in the form of government, a regional situation shaped by rapidly growing regional trade, climate change impacts becoming real and visible, increasing food prices and food insecurity at the global and national levels, and the dual impacts of migrant labor and urbanization, the government considers revision of the APP and subsequent sector policies to be necessary. -Led a team of 35 consultants to prepare background documents and the overall strategy document, organized numerous consultative meetings, workshop, and conferences at the central, regional, and local level. -Helped raise interest and support for the ADS: from an initial support only two development partners (ADB and IFAD), the project was then supported by 9 additional development partners including EU, FAO, SDC, JICA, DANIDA, USAID, WFP, DfID, and World Bank. -Organized thematic groups around 11 major themes. Briefed regular senior policy makers including secretary of Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Finance, Minister of Agriculture, Vice Chairman of National Planning Commission and prepared briefing for Prime Minister. -Conducted activities related to Improved Resilience of Farmers to Climate Change, Disasters, Price Volatility, and Other Shocks. Among these activites the ADS formulated the program to (i) Conduct research on stress tolerant varieties and breeds of crops, livestock and fish for the development of climate resilient agriculture that are at the same time higher in yield; (ii) Establish an early warning system and adopt early warning information for managing climate change risks in agriculture and food and nutrition security; (iii) Establish climate information and weather indexation systems designed to provide information to farmers. This will include building capacity of the Meteorology Department to provide weather risk indexation at local levels (as described for agricultural insurance), and building capacity for crop yield forecasting based on weather indexation; (iv) Pilot a Farmers Welfare Fund that would provide assistance to farmers under distress through access to financial resources to overcome temporary losses of income. The fund could be attached to the Community Agricultural Extension Service Centers, and may be a revolving fund with initial seed funding from central and local government and replenished by members;(v) Promote agricultural insurance; (vi) Strengthen the food reserve system to cope with emergency and food safety distribution to targeted farm households; (vii) Strengthen the seed and feed/fodder reserve system to cope with natural disasters such as flood in the terai, heavy snow fall in the high mountain areas. Promote Community Managed Seed Banks at local level; (viii) Improve capacity of extension staff and farmers in climate smart agricultural practices through training, FFS, and demonstrations; and (ix) Establish a fund for preparedness and response to droughts, flood, epidemics and emergencies affecting rural area and farmers not covered by agricultural insurance.

Publications

Project Reports Download
ADS Action Plan and Road Map Report - TA 7762-NEP - 3 April 2013.pdf-1417801407.pdf Download
ADS Draft Final Report - TA 7762-NEP - June 3.pdf-1417801419.pdf Download
ADS Final Report - TA 7762-NEP - June 30 - FG.pdf-1417801436.pdf Download
ADS Inception Report - TA 7762-NEP - FINAL September 2011.pdf-1417801443.pdf Download
ADS Options Report - TA 7762-NEP - FINAL.pdf-1417801450.pdf Download
ADS Vision Report - TA 7762-NEP - Version 5.pdf-1417801456.pdf Download

OTHER PROJECTS